What is Chagas?
Chagas disease is also known as American trypanosomiasis.
An estimated 8 million people are infected worldwide, mostly in Latin America.
It is a potentially life-threatening illness caused by the protozoan parasite, Trypanosoma cruzi or (T. cruzi).
Chagas is found mainly in 21 Latin American countries, where it is mostly vector-borne.
The main vector involved in the transmission of the parasite to humans is a triatomine bug, also known as a ‘kissing bug’.
Chagas disease is named after Carlos Justiniano Chagas, a Brazilian doctor, who discovered the disease in 1909.
Chagas disease is clinically curable if treatment is initiated at an early stage. Therefore universal access to prompt diagnosis and care is essential.